Neither commercial nor state-controlled, public radio is a nationwide network of radio stations established and supported by government of a country for public service.
It is the public’s broadcasting organization; it speaks to everyone as a citizen. Public broadcasters encourage access to and participation in public life. They develop knowledge, broaden horizons and enable people to better understand themselves by better understanding the world and others. Public radio however has some features of community radio.
Public radio is an information and education tool, accessible to all and meant for all, whatever their social or economic status. Its mandate is not restricted to information and cultural development, public broadcasting also appeal to the imagination, and entertain. But it does so with a concern for quality that distinguishes it from commercial broadcasting.
The primary mission of public broadcasting is that of public service, speaking to and engaging as a citizen. Public radio compete in good programming rather than numbers.
Public radio may receive their funding from an obligatory television licence fee, individual contributions, government funding or commercial sources. Public radios do not rely on advertising to the same degree as commercial broadcasters, or at all; this allows public radios to transmit programmes that are not commercially viable to the mass market, such as public affairs shows, radio documentaries, and educational programmes.
One of the principles of public broadcasting is to provide coverage of interests for which there are missing or small markets. Public broadcasting attempts to supply topics of social benefit that are otherwise not provided by commercial broadcasters.